There are a plethora of legal variables that can affect what information is listed in a particular criminal records background. While there may be convictions, arrests, and other pertinent data according to jurisdiction in a particular criminal record, there can also be information regarding “warrants issued”. In the following discussion, we examine warrants in definition as well as how warrants relate to the criminal justice process, in an effort to best understand how and why warrants are issued.
Warrants come in a few different forms depending on the purpose of the court. The most commonly issued kinds of warrants are: bench, general arrest, and search warrants. All of these types of warrants call for the arrest of the subject of warrants. In all cases, when warrants are authorized, the actions within them should be carried out as soon as possible-that is the arrest of the person. Whereas bench warrants are for a person to appear in court, a search court order is to obtain evidence, and general arrest warrants are for arrest. Each has its own purpose according to the court, but it is with the arrest and search warrants that the topic of “warrants issued” most applies in this article on warrants.
When it comes to warrants or court orders being issued, there is a lot that can go into whether or not it will be issued according to a particular criminal case. In the case of a regular arrest warrant, typically the process begins with first officer on the scene of a particular crime or incident. The police officer as is his/her duty, will fill out a police report with all the details and witness statements that they can glean. Depending on how much information there is, the officer might then recommend to have the person arrested-if they are not authorized themselves to do so-due to jurisdiction or severity of crime. This officer recommends to the presiding court that a warrant be authorized for the arrest of the potential offender. At this point, the court judge or magistrate reviews the evidence listed in the police report, and determines if warrants for the arrest should be made.
Once a warrant is authorized for the arrest of the subject of the order, it is the burden of the police to make sure that document is served to the individual and the arrest is made. At this point, all attempts are made to locate the subject of the document, and if the subject cannot be located, he/she is considered to be avoiding the serving of the warrant. This taken into consideration, the documents of this nature then become outstanding warrants, and the person part of a wanted persons list in the particular jurisdiction in which the warrants were processed.
If the person is trying to elude the police and the serving of the warrants to avoid his/her necessary criminal punishment, he/she will probably travel outside of the jurisdiction in which the court order was authorized. To combat the probability of this, the national government has an interstate records system that each branch of criminal justice agency, can reference for knowledge of just who might have a warrant out on them, and the details of the crime for which they are wanted.