One of the many ways in which criminal records are classified is through the topic of sex offenders listings. When it comes to evaluating any potential sex offenders for any criminal misdeeds, it is absolutely necessary to seek information on whether or not this said individual has committed any sexual offenses. This said, we review in this category how sex offender listings are posted and what factors aggravate and/or limit their scope of public presentation-according to varying jurisdiction.
There are two major acts or laws in effect for sexual offenses with regards to sexual offender listings, and how they are classified according to criminal law. These are the Wetterling Act and Megan’s Law. Both of these federal regulations came into being from the criminal sexual acts against two children, and made community notification of sexual offenders a priority around the country. These laws direct that all states and communities within states must give notification of sex offenders registered in their respective areas to the community. By instituting these offender requirements of various jurisdictions, they are making neighborhoods aware of possible offenders living in their neighborhoods.
While these federal regulations have made the number of sexual assaults minimize overall since they took effect, there still exists enough of a problem as regards to communities not being fully aware of the registered sexual criminals in their area through comprehensive sex criminal listings. This is due to a number of issues that arise out of the individual states being given the ability to choose how they process criminal offenders and make this information available to the public.
The responsibility of putting these laws into effect are on the shoulders of three entities. The first has to do with the actual sexual criminal. It is his/her legal responsibility, once let back into society to register himself/herself with the particular state registry immediately. The second party involved is the government entities that hold this registry information. They must-according to the federal laws presented earlier-make this sex criminal information available to the public in which they serve. The third and last entity sharing responsibility for this directive is the public. Between the second and third parties, there is a need for more demonstrative action to inform the public and the public to make sure they are informed of who resides in their community.
States are given the directive to make sex criminal lists available to the communities which house said criminals. While it is law that each state must notify the communities that comprise them of the sexual criminals registered there, federal statute does not tell them which these offenses should take priority or how they should make this criminal information available. This said, many states categorize certain crimes as offenses not needing to be included in the notification process. Moreover, some states make the criminal lists very accessible, while others restrict the information to certain entities, while still others make access to these records available only through means of authorization or fees. This results in a big gap in the vital information contained in criminal lists not being made of aware of to by the government and communities involved.