An Introduction to Maryland Probation
Probation is an attempt made by law enforcing agencies to bring back people who had taken the wrong path and ended up with criminal records into civilized society. Maryland probation service in the United States of America is one such endeavor by the Maryland state government. The Maryland probation records show a successful completion of probation rate of 51%, making it one of the best in the country. These are however part of the state criminal records and not usually available for public use.
Maryland Probation Goals
Maryland probation helps to protect the community and increase public security by proper monitoring of individuals with criminal records. It also provides opportunities to the offenders to become good law abiding citizens by strictly following Maryland probation laws. Last but not least Maryland Probation officers provide relevant information to the Maryland court to help in the sentencing process.
Maryland Probation: Organizational Structure and Types
Although the Maryland courts are responsible for deciding whether to put a criminal on probation or not, Maryland probation law broadly classifies offenders to put them into one of the following four types of rehabilitation services:
Maryland pretrial detainee services: These probation services are for offenders who are still awaiting trial or those convicted for minor crimes.
Inmate services: Maryland probation inmate services are for criminals committing serious crimes, who are under the direct supervision of Commissioner, Maryland Division of Correction.
Supervised Offender services: Maryland Probation programs for offenders in the community and under the direct supervision of Maryland probation officers.
Maryland Correctional Enterprises: Here the offenders with criminal records are trained with work skills to make them employable on release.
Maryland probation officers
Maryland probation officers essentially monitor offenders placed on probation. They include correctional treatment specialists, to chalk out rehabilitation plans for the convicts after the end of probation period and also pretrial services officers who determine whether suspects are to be presented for trial or not. Maryland probation officers also spend time working for the Maryland courts and helping the offenders with anger management and drug counseling.
Maryland probation conditions
Maryland probation laws lay down different conditions depending on the nature of the crime. Maryland court takes these laws strictly as these help restructuring the life of the convicts, making them better people. Some such conditions include reporting to the probation officer, refraining from illegal activities, letting the court know about change in address, community service and so on.
Maryland probation violation or termination
For satisfactory behavior, good conduct in following the conditions of probation the Maryland court has been known to let probationers off before the expiry of the probation period. The probation stands terminated if the probationer successfully completes the probation sentence. However, if any violation is brought to the notice of the Maryland court by the Maryland probation officer, the court upon the conclusion of hearing may decide to impose additional conditions or sentence the offender to a prison term.
Maryland probation reports
The Maryland probation reports indicate a high overall victim satisfaction rate, low new felony sentencing rate and an increase in pretrial completion rate. It aims to improve further in coming times.